The performance of a Yaga requires the participation of individuals learned in the Vedas for example Adhvayu ,usally lerned in Yajurveda and Udgata in Samaveda. The hymns from each of the Vedas are applied in different aspects of the Yaga. The number of officials required in a Yaga depends upon its complexity. The complex rituals require the participation of a large number of officials, each having a different expertise.
· YAJAMANA: The Yajamana is the individual on whose behalf the Yaga is conducted. Traditionally, the Yajamana is a male, and cannot perform the Yaga in the absence of his wife, the yajamana-patni.
· ADHVARYU : The adhvaryu is usually learned in the Yajurveda and is therefore an expert in ritual. The adhvaryu is the central official in the conduction of the Yaga.
· HOTA: The hota is a Rgvedin, and is necessary for the chanting of the invocatory hymns, which are primarily from the RgVeda.
· UDGATA : The udgata is an expert Samavedin, who sings the saman chants that are part of the soma sacrifices.
· BRAHMA : The brahman is the overseer of the sacrifice. Although supposed to be affiliated to the Atharvaveda, the brahman is often an adherent of one of the three other Vedas. This substitution is unavoidable given the few Atharva vedis remaining in India.
The more complex yagas require a complete battery of 12 more experts to assist the above 4. These are listed below according to their vedic affiliation:
1. RG VEDA :
2. YAJUR VEDA :
3. SAMA VEDA :
4. ATHARVA VEDA :
In the Agnichayana at Panjal, in 1975 was according to Samaveda tradition and the following personalities were the priests.
In Agnichayana at Panjal, in 2011 is according to Samaveda tradition and the following personalities were the priests.
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